In 1950 Queensland Railways
placed 30 narrow gauge Beyer Garratt locomotives in service. These
locomotives were found to be very reliable performers. It was around
this time the South Australian Railways needed to replace their six
300 class Australian Standard Garratts. In 1951 the South Australian
Railways purchased ten oil fired Garratts, classified as the 400
class, which were a slightly modified, heavier version of the
Queensland Beyer Garratt.
These locomotives were unique in that
they were not painted in standard black, they were painted in a
colour called invisible green, a black with a green tinge which can
be seen in a certain light. These ten locomotives were built by a
French company under licence from Beyer Peacock in England.
locomotives were placed into service between 1953 and 1954 to handle
all of the heavy ore traffic from Broken Hill. The Beyer Garratt
design was particularly suitable, due to its substantial power yet
light axle load. The class worked the mainline between Cockburn and
Port Pirie and the section between Peterborough and Terowie,
primarily on heavy freight trains, but also the Broken Hill Express
Following introduction of narrow gauge 830
class Goodwin-Alto diesel electric locomotives on the Peterborough
Division in 1963, the 400s were gradually phased out of service.
However several returned to service in the late 1960s while the 830
class diesels were converted to standard gauge for the new Port
Pirie to Broken Hill line.
Phone: (08) 8341 1690
South Australia 5015
the start of 2016, I also completed the 3D construction of a SAR
2-4-1+1-4-2 Garratt and began to build the first two models.
The original locomotive had the designation 409 and stands in the
National Railway Museum of Port Adelaide, Australia.
Société Franco-Belge de Matériel de Chemins de Fer, Raismes, France
under licence from Beyer, Peacock & Co.
Serial nr. BP:
7622–7631 SFB: 2973–2982
Build date 1952–1953
Gauge 3 ft 6 in /
Driver dia. 4 ft 0 in / 1.219 m
Length 87 ft 5 in /
Loco weight 148.955 long tons 151.345 tons 166.830 short tons
Fuel type Oil
Fuel capacity 6 long tons
Water cap 3,700
17,000 l; 4,400 US
Firegrate area 49 sq ft / 4.6 m2
200 psi / 1,379 kPa
Heating surf.1,970 sq ft / 183 m2Superheater:
Heating area 390 sq ft / 36 m2
Cylinder size 16 in × 24 in 406 mm × 610 mm
Tractive effort 43,520 lbf,193.6 kN
Operators South Australian Railways
First run 1953
Produced 10/Preserved 2
sold to ZZR 1973, prepared for storage by ZZR members, finally
arrived at ZZR in 1976. It was dismantled into 3 sections, loaded on
a special train consist: brakevan, well-wagon containing front
engine unit, bogie flat truck as a spacer, boiler unit on slave
bogies, and another bogie flat truck spacer, a well wagon with rear
engine and an NSW brakevan.
(4 Photos ZZR-web/FB)